Document Type : Research Paper


1 Assistant Professor; Regional Studies Department, Tehran University

2 Ph.D. Student; Regional Studies, Tehran University


Regional organizations are used by countries as a means to achieve strategic interests and act for based on common interests and goals. SCO was formed in 2001 with the participation of China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. This article attempts to analyze why Islamic Republic of Iran should consider itself as an ideal candidate for SCO membership, despite the member countries indicating that they have no plans to accept new member in the near future. Nevertheless, Iran should continue to pursue its case for membership, as it will benefit both Iran and the SCO members. In order to understand and analyze this, the article discusses the origin and growth of SCO and its emergence as a regional international organization. It identifies the potential benefits that Iran can gain by becoming the full member of SCO. It also analyses Islamic Republic of Iran’s present concerns and challenges it would have to confront after obtaining full membership.


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