The end of the first world war witnessed the disintegration of the Russian Empire. The October Revolution (1917) helped the disintegration and engulfed Russia in a bitter civil war. These developments persuaded the Iranian leaders in 1920 to send a high level delegate to Caucasia. The mission was headed by Seyyed Ziaeddin Tabatabaie who at that time was a radical nationalist journalist and held no official diplomatic post. The paper tries to explore Seyyed Zia’s attempts during this mission. Seyyed Zia is mainly remembered in Iran for his role in the famous military coup in 1921 which brought ultimately the down fall of the Qajar Dynasty and the establishment of the Pahlavy Dynasty.