Document Type : Research Paper
Assistant Professor; Political Sciences Department, University of Tehran
PhD Student; Political Science Department, University of Tehran
Phenomenology is the most eminent philosophical school of the past and present century. Some claims of this school has destroyed the construction of lots of the postulates of the tradition of western philosophy, of which we have been using in human sciences. Unfortunately we still see that the researchers in human sciences resort to obsolete theories that Heidegger has proved their falsity. The purpose of this article is to show that in Heidegger’s view, phenomenology as a constitutive logic can eliminate this basic fault in western philosophy. Being and Time as his major work proposes “fundamental ontology” in order to solve the problems of western metaphysics. This articles challenges some methodologies in human sciences who ignore the ontological structure of human Dasein and claim that they can obtain a new truth in humanities. In addition, some of the disagreements between Husserl and Heidegger is going to be worked out and it will be judged in behalf of hermeneutic phenomenology in Heidegger’s point of view.