MEMORY, MYTH AND IRANIAN IDENTIFICATION AMONG TRIBES AND CLANS

Document Type : Research Paper

Author

Assistant Professor; Ma’ref Department of letratuer and humanity Science; University of Sharekord

Abstract

During recent years, different studies have published about the concept of Iranian identification as well as extensiveness and deepness of its perception among elites and masses.
Researchers have pay attention to the outstanding role of tribes and clans at the changes of transition of power in the thirteen centuries ago. But these researchers have considered tribes and clans without any awareness and common perception to Iranian identification. Furthermore, they admit the important role of tribes at attacks, struggles and continual disturbance of history of Iran. Also this role is obvious in expanded illiteracy, tribal intense variety, divergence, introvert of social structure of tribes and clans.
Some others, with reference to extended variety in Iran as a mosaic society, overreach and claim that all the history of thirteen centuries ago before constitution movement and emerging Pahlavi government is without awareness.
But, this article with the reference to the different historical evidences, in spite of what was said, how tribes and clans of Iran aware of Iranian identification at the form of didactics system, interchange of oral culture and literature. These tribes identify themselves with the Iranian myth.

Keywords


  • Receive Date: 14 November 2011
  • Revise Date: 25 September 2013
  • Accept Date: 11 March 2012
  • First Publish Date: 21 March 2013