Document Type : Research Paper


1 Professor, Political Science Department, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

2 PhD Student, Reginal Studies, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran


From the beginning of the formation of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization in 2001, India has raised the request for permanent membership in the organization. Several reasons are prompting India's for membership in Shanghai that they can be considered in the forms of strategic, political, security and economic. From political and security landscape this country sought to minimize the border disputes with China over the McMahon border (with China), and the dispute with Pakistan over Jammu and Kashmir region. From an economic perspective, this country seeks to achieve affordable energy, oil and gas resources of member states such as Russia and Iran, and finding consumer markets for Indian goods. The purpose of this article is examination of the motives of India for the membership in shanghai from these three aspects.