THE AGE OF ENLIGHTENMENT, QUAKERS, AND ABOLITION OF SLAVE TRADE IN BRITAIN

Document Type : Research Paper

Author

Associate Professor; Department of History, Faculty of Litereture and Humanity, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

From the mid seventh century and throughout eighteen century, Britain had the most bulk of slave trade. In 1807, the house of common and Lords ratified the abolition of slave trade following an anti-slavery trade movement which had begun from the last decades of eighteenth century. In response to this question of why the slave trade ended, the slavery scholars have different views. This study concentrates on the role of Quakers who were anti- war and anti- slavery. Quakers became the intellectual leaders of anti-slavery movement while Britain was at war with Franc enjoying a vast social relationship and the social and international conditions. The aim of this study is to answer the question of why and how Quakers, and not the thinkers of the enlightenment era were the forerunners of anti slavery movement. It seems that activists, social interactions and socio-political condition played are the major role players. The anti- slavery movement and its expansion were the results of these basic factors in Britain.

Keywords


Volume 43, Issue 4 - Serial Number 4
January 2014
Pages 189-206
  • Receive Date: 30 April 2013
  • Revise Date: 16 June 2014
  • Accept Date: 18 November 2013
  • First Publish Date: 22 December 2013