Document Type : Research Paper
Associate Professor, Faculty of Islamic Studies and Political Science, Imam Sadiq University, Iran
Ph.D. Candidate of Political Thought, Faculty of Islamic Studies and Political Science, Imam Sadiq University, Iran
Social forces are extracted from a number of differences called "cleavage" which can be found in deep layer of a society. The importance of social forces from one side and the importance of experience of the era of Imam Ali (A)'s ruling in Islamic thoughts from another side are the main cause of writing this article. The main question is: What are the social forces that played effective roles in establishing Imam Ali (A)'s government? Moreover, this article is trying to study the kind of cleavages in era that Imam Ali (A)'s government was stablished and expressing the kind of relations between this cleavage (reinforcing, crosscutting or parallel), we have determine one cleavage as a base and activity of these cleavages in three layers: social, consciousness and political. Also, we have expressed arrangement of cleavages that cause social forces and effect of these social forces in society. Eight effective social forces in stablishment of Imam Ali (A)'s government are: Egyptian, Kofis, Basries, Immigrants and Ansar, Nakisin (Positional currents), Shia believers, Banu Hashim and Gharaa class (Ideological currents). It is important to mention that all of these social forces can be known in behavioral currents.