Document Type : Research Paper
Assistant Professor, ISCA (Islamic Science & Culture Academy), Iran
This paper investigates the possibility of attending to Iran’s constitutional Shi’I jurisprudence as a perspective for approaching toward deliberative democracy. It claims there is an epistemological potentiality where it is possible to think of the theory of deliberative democracy from a specific Islamic Shi’i jurisprudential theory stated by Mirza Mohammad Hossein Na’ini (1890-1939) during the Iranian constitutional revolution (1905–1911). It focuses on some epistemological similarities between Shi’a jurisprudential theory of Na’ini and Habermas understands of deliberative democracy. The paper argues that both theories rely on a method that systematically centralize “justice” and “freedom” as main pillars of a framework by which they define a conceivable, and consequently, an acceptable law-based ideal society. The paper results even though these disciplines are different in describing their final and ideal society still this approach is worthwhile, since it provides us with an epistemological possibility and, based on that, with a methodological chance to think of an Islamic jurisprudence theory as a background for approaching to a version of deliberative democracy.