Document Type : Research Paper


1 Assistant Professor; Department of Iranian Studies, Faculty of World Studies, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

2 PhD Candidate; Faculty of Economy and Political Sciemces, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran


With the intensification of violent terrorist operations in the world, many academic researchers have been performed in terms of the structural causes of terrorism. The active area of terrorism does not only include physical variables but other variables such as ideological, psychological, environmental and cultural-identity should also be tracked. The reasons are complex and varied regarding the phenomenon of terrorism and its roots cannot be explained in a particular area of research. A theoretical framework is used for explaining the formation of terrorist groups, particularly in the Middle East.


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