The issue of "self" and who "we" are against the “Other” West is one of the major topics of interest for contemporary Iranian intellectuals. With reference to the works of intellectuals who have written about this subject, it becomes clear that they have discussed the “Iranian Self” with different views rooted in special intellectual "tradition". The current article aims to examine the concept of "self" in terms of nationalist intellectual "tradition" particularly manifested in ideas of two contemporary Iranian thinkers: Ahmed Kasrawī and Fakhruddin Shadman. Thus, the main question raised here is: how did the above thinkers conceive the concept of “self” and upon which social and theoretical grounds did they found the concept of “self”? Our hypothesis is that in the nationalist intellectual tradition, intellectuals’ definition of the concept of “self” is formed based on reading intellectual teachings and “our” spiritual heritage, and also based on such similarities as Persian language; moreover, their stories of "Iranian self" life is based on Iranian historical narratives. The present paper is organized as follows. First, we address an examination of the views of Ahmed Kasrawī; second, we address an examination of the views of Fakhruddin Shadman. Finally, conclusion is presented.