KURDISH DIASPORA AND GEOPOLITICAL INTERESTS ROLE IN TURKEY’S STRATEGY TRANSITION IN IRAQ AND SYRIA KURDISTAN REGIONS(2003-2015)

Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

1 Assnistat Professor; Political Science and International Relations, Razi University

2 M.A in Political Science, Razi University

Abstract

Kurds dispersion is the main concern of Turkey’s Meddle East foreign policy since 1920 decade and it has experienced different kinds of policies in dealing with kurds in Iraq, Syria and its own kurds. In these years before Justice and Development party coming to power, Turkey’s policy against its own kurds was based on denial and opposing and against kurds in Iraq and Syria have had security oriented approach. With Justice and Development coming to power we are seeing a move to reforms within Turkey that goes to accept Kurds identity and give them freedom and social and political rights. About kurds over the borders turkey has obtained two different behaviors. In the case of Iraqi Kurdistan, Turkey is seeking to make Strategic relation with Kurdistan Regional Government and against Syrian kurds has obtained a Security oriented policy. Turkey’s political and economic situations and its strategic considerations to become a regional hegemon have made Turkey officials to change its strategy against Kurdish question. With regarding these considerations, this research is intended to find an answer for this question: what transition has been occurred in Turkey’s Strategy against kurds in Iraq and Syria? To answer this question this research evaluates this hypothesis: For some internal Security and economic considerations, Turkey has obtained a strategic cooperation approach with Kurdistan Regional Government for marginalize Syrian kurds movements and attract its own kurds to the Turkey.

Keywords


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Volume 47, Issue 2
July 2017
Pages 411-430
  • Receive Date: 25 January 2016
  • Revise Date: 30 May 2017
  • Accept Date: 17 January 2017
  • First Publish Date: 22 June 2017