Document Type : Research Paper


1 Assistant Professor; Faculty of Administrative Science And Economics, Department of Political Science, University of Isfahan

2 Senior Expert; Faculty of Administrative Science And Economics, Department of Political Science, University of Isfahan


After the establishment of democracy in Iraq and the arrival of the Shi'ite to power, the regional Arab States were concerned for Iran’s power and spheres of its influence. With the increasing demands of the people and the revolution in Arabic countries, their concerns escalated, particularly in Bahrain, a country with the Shi’ite majority. They send troops to Bahrain to react.  After growing demands and protests in Syria, they were supporting the rebels and were to strike Iran. Involvement and support of the Arabic countries, along with the backing of Turkey and the Zionist regime led to America’s increase of the power of armed combatants and the formation of the Islamic State. This article with Descriptive – analytical method aims to study and investigate the cause of the formation of ISIS with the hypothesis that the main reason for the formation of the ISIS is the unbalanced region of the Middle East after the collapse of the Iraqi regime and regional and extra-regional powers attempt to shape a new balance against Iran.


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