Document Type : Research Paper
Assistant Professor; Political Science Department, University of Tehran
Ph.D. Student; Political Science Department, University of Tehran
Underdevelopment is a phenomenon that has attracted the minds of many Iranian contemporary intellectuals. This study analyzes the causes of this phenomenon in thought of Mirza Malkam Khan and Jalal Al-e Ahmad and ways to deal away with it. The essence of Mirza Malkam Khan’s idea was struggle with underdevelopment in light of progress and also “Jalal Al-e Ahmad” considered nativism and a return to Islamic culture as a solution. The problem statements and the solution suggestions of those two thinkers can be explained within a theoretical framework “Thomas Springs”. The main research question is, why their responses to a same critical issue, underdevelopment, are different. Hypothesis for the question is that due to political-social conditions and different subjective assumptions of Malkam and Al-e Ahmad, in crisis observation and discovery, each of them has envisaged a different ideal society and reached contradictory responses. At the end, the synchronic notion of both thinkers on the phenomenon of underdevelopment has been emphasized and their ideas for change have been compared.