Document Type : Research Paper
Professor, Department of Political Science, University of Tehran, Iran
The neoliberal approach in the international political economy is highly significant, desirable and efficient for resolving the political conflict and regional crises. A considerable number of conflicts between the West and Iran since 1990s surfaced and expanded mainly due to the Iranian nuclear activities. This paper attempts to explain the economic backgrounds of US strategic action in dealing with Iran, its nuclear diplomatic process and the P5+1 countries based on the neoliberal economic policy-making. The closing of the negotiations on July 14, 2015 and the release of a Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action was a reflection of the neoliberal approach to economic sanction policy-making and the Iranian countermeasures to control the situation and overcome the sanctions. The main reason behind the success of the talks and the nuclear program lies in utilization of neoliberal mechanisms in the international political economy. Such an approach managed to set the ground for achievement of joint cooperation so as to reduce the threats facing nations. Power and security in the neo-liberal approach to economic policy are realized through facilitated collaboration of actors for gaining profit. Throughout this process, the analysis forms within political and economic spheres builds on an organic relationship between the components of international politics and the international economy. According to this approach, any stepwise resolution to the nuclear issues is an outcome of global economic political requirements. On the other hand, the nuclear negotiations can be interpreted as platforms such as strategic confidence-building. The current nuclear diplomacy adopted by Iran and the P5+1 suggests that the political economic elements and the strategic requirements of the Islamic Republic of Iran are directly correlated with settlement of the Iranian nuclear activities. The fundamental question of this research is: On what approach and implications the Vienna agreement under the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action has been occurred. In this respect, the hypothesis in this paper stresses the fact that such a trend originates from the Iranian economic imperatives and the strategic security of P5+1 countries. For that purpose, the neoliberal political economy approach was employed.