NATIVE MODEL OF SOFT POWER OF THE ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN; A MODEL FOR POWER-MAKING OF REGIONAL ACTORS

Document Type : Research Paper

Author

Assistant Professor; Political Science, Faculty of Law and Political Sciences, Shiraz University

Abstract

A review of the texts produced in the field of soft power, particularly exploring the views of prominent exponent of this concept, Joseph Nye, reflects the fact that regardless of providing a coherent framework which implement this concept in order to fulfill the goals and interests of its committers, all scholars and researchers have so far applied soft power merely as a descriptive tool and not practical. In fact, they have perceived the concept of soft power as the concept of hegemony and monopoly that only the hegemonic countries in economic and military are able to apply it, not the middle and regional powers. Hence, through categorizing and theorizing various aspects of soft power and distinguishing between "soft resources" and "hard resources" from one side and "soft resources" and "soft power", the researchers seek to present Resource-Based Theory of Soft Power, in contrast to distinguish between the Coercive Power and Co-optive Power as Nye and his supports have pointed.The article aims to provide the backgrounds for enjoyment of the functions soft power for countries like Iran through breaking the monopoly of the current hegemonic model.

Keywords


الف) فارسی
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ب) خارجی

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16. Wang Hongying & Yeh  Chung Lu (2008), “The Conception of Soft Power and Its Policy Implications: A Comparative Study of China and Taiwan”, Journal of Contemporary China, 17 (56), August, pp. 425-447.
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Volume 47, Issue 4
January 2018
Pages 853-871
  • Receive Date: 17 July 2015
  • Revise Date: 30 December 2014
  • Accept Date: 27 November 2015
  • First Publish Date: 22 December 2017