Document Type : Research Paper
Associate Professor; Political Science at Shahed University
PhD Student; Political Studies of Islamic Revolution at Shahed University
Considering the importance of the position of Ayatollah Sayed Hassan Modarres as one of the prominent and influential political and social figures in contemporary Iranian history, this paper seeks to identify the components of the political culture of Shi'i religion in his political thought and behavior and to answer the question that how these components have manifested themselves in his political thinking and behavior? Accordingly, based on “structure and agency” theory and using the qualitative methods such as documentary research and referred to the historical texts and the sermons and speeches of Ayatollah Modarres as well as linked researches, influence of political culture’s components of Shia in Modarres’s character sketch have been investigated. This study shows that not only social and political behavior of Modarres as a first-rate Mujtahid as well as MP, has been under the influence of Shia’s political culture, such as Jihad, behest to goodness and forbiddance of evil and martyrdom, but also he can be considered as a promoter the elements such courage in fighting injustice and lack of reservation as a Shia politician.