Document Type : Research Paper
Professor; Political Sciences Department, University of Tehran
Master; Callege of Farabi, University of Theran
Saudi strategic policy-making depends on the regional role, the characteristics of political leaders and the direction of the structure of the international system. The role of Saudi security during the Salman era can be seen as the continuation of the power policy for regional hegemony. Such an approach, the behavioral patterns in the era of King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia. Donald Trump's coming to power and US military contracts with Saudi Arabia have increased the role of the country in the future of regional security. The regional role of Saudi Arabia is defined on the basis of signs such as the expansion of the geopolitical crisis. Such a situation would be the transition from the United States regional equilibrium policy. The structure of the international system faces geopolitical changes in the post-Cold War years. Regional developments in the Middle East geopolitical suggest that Saudi-based strategic policy framework chaos making actors and forces has been created. New geopolitical realities of the world emphasized that the Middle East conflict is the center of regional crises management. Increase in military spending in Saudi Arabia is based on the signs of crisis making and threats. Saudi Arabia's agents in the regional coalition are seeking to adopt mechanisms such as crisis expansion as crisis management tools and techniques. The formation of "proxy wars" and of "asymmetric conflicts" may be among the causes and symptoms of geopolitical crisis in the Middle East. The new security crisis not only affects the relationships of regional actors, but also has the capabilities needed to change the geopolitics of the Middle East. The main question is that: "what is the main index of Saudi Strategy in the Middle East security environment in the second decade of the 21st century?" The hypothesis mentioned that: "the mechanisms of Saudi Arabia are based on militarism, escalating the crisis and proxy war in the Middle East geopolitical crisis. For explaining this paper to “identity structure approach” is used. The methodology of the paper will be based on "data analysis" and "content analysis".