Document Type : Research Paper
Assistant Professor; Department of Political Geography, Faculty of Geography, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
Assistant Professor; Department of GIS and Remote sensing, Faculty of Geography, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
Planning and management of elections has been considered as one of the critical issues across the world. After 37 years from Islamic revolution, Iran has been taking effective strategies to handle the election steps. Election process in Iran is of critical importance due to the fact that it is conceived as one of the political events that influences the power of country. Today, information technologies play a key role in managing election processes. Considering the political requirement of Iranian community, geo-spatial planning of polling places using Geographic Information System (GIS) provides an appropriate way for election process. GIS as a powerful tool with capabilities for storing, analyzing and visualizing spatial information offers an effective tool for managing election process. Although the political atmosphere mainly affects the election results, and, in turn, the country’s future plans and decisions, a GIS-based election management makes a considerable contribution to the election success. Therefore, this paper presents a GIS-based approach for planning and management of the election process, where it integrates the concepts of GIS and election domains to offer a system for supporting election steps.