Document Type : Research Paper


1 Professor; Political Science, University of Tehran

2 Ph.D; Political Science, University of Tehran


Conflict between the Baloch and the Pakistani government has been as an important component in the province of Balochistan especially since the independence of Pakistan in 1947, bearing in mind that this province has always been associated with the Baloch ethnicity. After the Soviet and US invasion of Afghanistan in 1979 and 2001, because of its proximity to Balochistan, Salafism as a new phenomenon entered this area. The research question is: How Salafism has entered into Balochistan and what is the impact of that on ethnicity? This study will show in two years, 1979 and 2001, the establishment of religious schools in Balochistan to deal with the Soviet Union, the formation of the Quetta Shura, the sectarians anti-Shia, joining Baloches sectarian groups and al-Qaeda and mutual cooperation Baloches with sectarians and the Taliban, in addition to eclipsing ethnicity, Balochistan has been a haven for Salafists and terrorist groups


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