Document Type : Research Paper
Associate Professor; Political Sciences Department, University of Tehran
Ph.D. in Political Science, University of Tehran
Sociology of thinking is a relatively new approach to studying political thought which explains the rise, wane and also the content of the thoughts according to their social context. In this paper, using the analytical models of the two contemporary sociologists (Robert Wuthnow and Randall Collins), we try to design a composite model for sociological analysis of the rising of the new political thinking in decades leading to the Iranian constitutional revolution. Then, using this model we try to show how the rising of the new political thought is not, as usually claimed, an imported and contextless phenomenon, but quite the opposite, is linked to the rising of the related political, social and economic structures in the 19th century Iran. It is argued that because of these structural developments, Iranian society in the second half of the 19th century was not anymore a weak, static and fragmented society, but was a powerful, dynamic and somehow pluralistic society, which could support the intuitional contexts of the new thoughts.