Document Type : Research Paper


1 Assistant Professor; International Relation Department, University of Tehran

2 Phd student in International Relation, University of Tehran


Political leaders reprocess the information related to situation based of their cognitions, and then come to a perception of their situation. However beliefs usually resist in confronting to change, but the change may take place by different factors like the occurrence of an outside event. In this article we are going to evaluate such a change in the beliefs of American current president Barack Obama and we want to know if his beliefs has changed after 11th presidential election in Iran or not. The hypothesis, which we test with operational code theoretical framework and by VICS method, is that his beliefs changed only partially and this change is unremarkable, but toward more optimism and cooperation. Without considering the reasons for this change, the results based of the methods we acquired, confirm our hypothesis.


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Volume 48, Issue 3
October 2018
Pages 651-670
  • Receive Date: 19 April 2016
  • Revise Date: 21 June 2018
  • Accept Date: 04 May 2016
  • First Publish Date: 23 September 2018