Document Type : Research Paper


1 Professor; Political Sciences Department, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

2 Ph.D.; Political Sciences Department, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran


This article studies the second phase of liberalization of Turkey’s economy, society and political institutions. The procedure resulted in crucial role of the Justice and Development Party (AKP) in Turkey’s power structure. In the years 2002-14, the Justice and Development Party (AKP) failed to follow up and organize liberalization of economic and society along with each other. In the past eras, especially in the years of presidency of Kenan Evren and Turgut Özal, economic liberalization took place irrespective of social indices. The most important sign of Turkey’s renovation was evident in the era of the Justice and Development Party (AKP), manifested in linkage of social, structural and economic subjects in the process of power liberalization and economic action. The priorities of renovation and development of the structural and social grouping and of government in Turkey were based on the nature of traditional society and renovation procedures. In the era of militarists’ rule the ground was prepared for the bureaucratic development and formation of the bureaucratic action. However, such a procedure merely resulted in reforms in the years 2001-14. This article studies connection between national income, economic growth, amount of investment, trade balance based on the scheme of imports and exports with Gross Domestic Production of Turkey.


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Volume 48, Issue 3
October 2018
Pages 771-788
  • Receive Date: 07 October 2014
  • Revise Date: 28 October 2014
  • Accept Date: 17 May 2015
  • First Publish Date: 23 September 2018