Document Type : Research Paper
Assistant Professor, Political Sciences, Free Tehran Central Branch, Tehran, Iran
Ph.D Student, Political Sciences, Azad University, Tehran Central Branch, Tehran, Iran
The identity flow of development in Iran has been accompanied by periodic reading of the framework and perceptions that the governments and its sovereignty have been as reform and development in the Qajar era in order to escape from the backwardness and approximate the parts of the structure Quasi-government of Qajar was in development. In the second Pahlavi period, with governmental reforms, to fill the vacuum of legitimacy, and during the Islamic Republic of Iran, was accompanied by a paradigmatic vacuum and a discourse on the scientific development of development. This article, with the concepts of development, identity and government in Iran, and historical contradictions in state-centered approaches to development, and with the application and use of the analytical-historical method, seeks to examine the reasons for the failure of development approaches in Iran with respect to identity characteristics Governments are in the three historical periods of the Qajar, Pahlavi, and the Islamic Republic.