Document Type : Research Paper
Professor, Political Science Department, University of Tehran
Ph.D, Political Science, Islamic Azad University
The description of the Iranians’ confrontation with modernity has always been considered as one of the controversial arguments in the Iranian academic circles in recent decades. These arguments intend to contrast tradition with modernity from different perspectives through creating binary issues or they tend to imperiously consider this confrontation from the nativization of the point of view of modernity in governmental environments. But in the middle of these two perspectives on delving into the spirituality of the constitutional government era and even the more recent eras, it crosses into one’s mind that considering the two aforementioned perspectives cannot describe the available general and factual lines in the constitutional government and the desire for the constitutional government and gaining access to such an issue requires recycling the describing beliefs on modern organizations pertaining to the characters who have been partially ignored in the arena of the contemporary political history of Iran and the political thought.