The Islamic Republic of Iran and the Reconstruction of War-Torn Lebanon, 1988-2003

Document Type : Research Paper



The Islamic Republic of Iran and the Reconstruction of War-Torn Lebanon, 1988-2003
Since the early 1980s Iran has helped Hizbollah deliver an extensive array of public and social services to the Shiite community in Lebanon. Iranian assistance has proved critical to the political and military success of the organization and the empowerment of the Shiite community. This article discusses Iranian motives in providing this assistance. It also examines the role played by the Ministry of Construction Jihad in rebuilding Shiite inhabited parts of Lebanon. It argues that Iranian support is driven by ideology rather than geopolitical and strategic considerations. With respect to the ministry's reconstruction efforts, it argues that while the ministry rendered a valuable service, it could have accomplished much more if it had managed the effort properly.
Key words: Hizballah, Iran, Jihad al-Bian, Lebanon, The Ministry of Construction Jihad, Lebanese Shiites


  1. 1. فارسی

    1. داوودآبادی، حمید (1392). سید عزیز. زندگی‌نامۀ خودگفتۀ حجت‌الاسلام و المسلمین سید حسن نصراله، ترجمۀ علی‌رضا محمدی، تهران: نشر یا زهرا.
    2. خمینی، روح‌اله (1385). قومیت، ملیت و اندیشۀ فراملی از دیدگاه امام خمینی، تهران: مؤسسۀ تنظیم و نشر آثار امام خمینی (ره).
    3. عسگری، حمیدرضا (1371). گزارش سفر به لبنان، تهران: وزارت جهاد کشاورزی.

    2. لاتین

    1. Ajami, Fouad (1986). The Vanished Imam: Musa al Sadr and the Shia of Lebanon, Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
    2. Berti, Benedetta (2011). “Armed Groups as Political Parties and Their Role in Electoral Politics: The Case of Hizballah”, Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, Vol. 34, No. 12
    3. Chubin, Shahram and Charles Tripp (1988). Iran and Iraq at War, Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press.
    4. De Vore, Marc R (2012). “Exploring the Iran-Hizbollah Relationship: A Case Study of How State Sponsorship Affects Terrorist Group Decision-Making”,Perspectives on Terrorism, Vol. 6, Nos.4-5.
    5. Farquhar, Scott C (2009). Back to Basics: A Study of the Second Lebanon War and Operation Cast Lead, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas: Combat Studies Institute Press.
    6. Halawi, Majid (1992). A Lebanon Deified: Musa al Sadr and the Shi'a Community, Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press.
    7. Harik, Judith (2006). “Hizballah's Public and Social Services and Iran”, in H. E. Chehabi, ed., Distant Relations: Iran and Lebanon in the Last 500 Years, London: I. B. Tauris.


    1. Hiro, Dilip (1989). The Longest War: The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict, London: Grafton Books.
    2. Malthaner, Stephan (2011). Mobilizing the Faithful: Militant Islamist Groups and Their Constituencies, Frankfurt am Main: Deutsche Nation albibliothek.
    3. Norton, Augustus Richard (1987). Amal and the Shi'a: Struggle for the Soul of Lebanon. Austin: University of Texas Press.
    4. Norton, Augustus Richard (2007). Hizbollah: A Short History, Princeton: Princeton University Press.
    5. Tabitha Petran, Tabitha (1987). The Struggle over Lebanon. New York: Monthly Review Press.
    6. Saleh, Amal (2013). Ethnic Identity and the State in Iran, New York: Palgrave.
    7. Samii, A. William (2000). “The Nation and Its Minorities: Ethnicity, Unity, and State Policy in Iran”, Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa, and the Middle East, Vol. 20, Nos.pp: 1-2.
    8. Van Der Veen, A. Maurits (2011). Ideas and Interests in Foreign Aid, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.
    9. Vatikiotis, P.J. (1991). Islam and the State, London: Routledge.
    10. Vaziri, Haleh (1992). “Iran's Involvement in Lebanon: Polarization and Radicalization of Militant Islamic Movements”, in Journal of South Asian and Islamic Studies, Vol. 16, No. 2.
    11. Whitting, Christopher E. (1997). “When David Became Goliath”, MA dissertation, US Army General Staff and Command College.
    12. Williams, Victoria (2018). “Foreign Aid”, Encyclopedia Britannica,