From colonization to globalism- Contradictions of French modernization; case study in Morocco and Algeria

Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

1 Associate Professor, Department of European Studies, Faculty of World Studies, University of Tehran, Iran

2 MA in French Studies, Faculty of World Studies, University of Tehran, Iran

Abstract

The impact of French colonization in Africa has been subject to scholarly debates for a long time. Some have cast light on the advantages of colonization by emphasizing the transfer of civic and technology improvements as well as the improvement in living standards. In contrast, critics have been concerned with the occurrence of cultural assimilation with the West and its effects on the colonies’ social structures.
The contradictions of modernism over the non-occidental countries, particularly the ones that have been colonized, are akin to what one can find in today’s controversy over the implications of globalization on the developing countries ‘cultural patterns and structures. Hence, the contradictions of colonialization vis-à-vis globalization, as well as the interaction between the two, are chosen as the core concepts of this article. In order to expand the discussion, the impacts of the globalization process on two former parts of France, i.e., Morocco (as a protectorate) and Algeria (as a colony), are compared in detail. By this comparison, this research demonstrates the different consequences of colonization considering the domestic elements such as geography and social structures which provided different conditions for the mentioned countries in confronting the French colonization. These conditions will be investigated within the framework of globalization, modernism and post-colonialism, followed by adopting a comparative analysis and implementing the content analysis method. This aims to underscore French colonization’s influence on shaping the current understanding concerning modernism and globalism.

Keywords


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Volume 52, Issue 1
July 2022
Pages 80-55
  • Receive Date: 22 August 2020
  • Revise Date: 11 November 2020
  • Accept Date: 17 July 2022
  • First Publish Date: 17 July 2022