Document Type : Research Paper


Assistant Professor, Political Science, University of Yazd, Iran


“What is cause/barrier of underdeveloped countries to achieve development
according to a model of modern industrial society?” For answering to this question,
which is one of the most famous questions of social scientist for several decades,
classifying theories about development/underdevelopment is necessary. Classifying
help us to understanding them. This paper tries to classify theories of development
by dividing all of the analytical area in issue of development/ underdevelopment.
For this perspective, most theories of development are classified in seven areas:
individual, family, market, civil society, political society, state, international system
areas. For “Individual Change and becoming Modern” Alex Inkeles (Individual as
development agent) to contemporary underdevelopment is in large part the
historical product of relations between the satellite underdeveloped and the now
developed metropolitan countries Andre Gunder Frank (international system as
development/ underdevelopment agent). All of them can be classified in these
seven analytical areas.


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