Document Type : Research Paper


1 Associate Professor, International Relations Department, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

2 PhD in International Relations, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran


The initial discrepancy of "Neorealism" and "Neoliberal Institutionalism" refer to
the matter of cooperation in international relations. This is because, the first yieldes
relative gains, while the latter accountes on absolute gains in cooperative
atmosphere. Also, Neoliberal Institutionalism, unlike Neorealism, believes that with
the help of international institutions, one can gain international cooperation. The
second step of this argument is structured around the competing views of "energy
independence" and "energy interdependence" regardes. Then we apply this
framework to Iranian oil and gas trade structure with current statistics to support the
validity of cooperation from energy interdependence point of view.


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