Document Type : Research Paper
Associate Professor; Public Law Department, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
The election as a mechanism of applying popular sovereignty, self-determination and peaceful transfer of power has an important role in a democratic system. The establishment of any political and legal system is justified on the certain theoretical foundations. Since the election has efficiency in the context of democratic system and the idea of democracy has been formed in modernity time, this fundamental question arises whether the theoretical and philosophical foundations of modernity has affected justifying the process of the elections in a democratic system? The article with a descriptive-analytical approach and with the aim of providing an image of the modernity impact on the democratic elections seeks to reach these conclusions that the subjective and objective events and evolutions of the modernity has made the major changes in the basis of ontology, epistemology and anthropology of western society. After the democratic system was established, therefore, the institutions of this system such as election in the content, procedures and structure have been influenced by the modernity theoretical foundations.