Document Type : Research Paper
Professor; Islamic Azad University, Tehran Central Branch, Tehran, Iran
PhD Student; Faculty of Law and Political Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
The prominence of the spirit of spiritualism in the mind and conscience of the Iranian people, and of course its reflection on the ontology, anthropology, and epistemology of Iranian thought, will also have its consequences in dealing with politics. In this study, from this perspective we intend to examine the position, quiddity and continuity of spiritual leadership and spiritual politics, and in particular the Shah Armani and spiritual province in Iranian philosophy. In this context, Henry Corbin's ideas, as a philosopher who refers to this Iranian talent in his works, and his understanding and perception of the above themes, have guided our path and purpose. We try to evaluate foundations of Shah Armani and spiritual province in Iranian political ontology. We need to move from the field of "political science" to "political philosophy" with the following coordinates. In short, the understanding of the Shah Armani and spiritual province, and, in general, esoteric politics here is comprehensible in profound, trans-historical, and fundamentally context. This is distinct from the historical and objective level of politics. There is no formal reduction or comparison with its existing facts. In our view, Corbin intends to emphasize the spiritual dimension of prophecy and Imamate, to distinguish between spiritual sovereignty, province, leadership, and guidance with its apparent and worldly form, to speak of a concept called spiritual government, province and leadership. To this end, he uses the originality of the spiritual and esoteric world and inner time and history in Iranian philosophy and the emphasis there on the utopia and Shah Armani and Saviorism.