CHINA'S REGIME-BUILDING IN THE EAST ASIA

Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

1 Associated Professor; Regional Studies Department, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

2 PhD Student; Regional Studies Department, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

One of the realities of the current century is the existence of different regimes and organizations for cooperation between countries in thematic areas. This has grown dramatically, especially after the Cold War, as the number of established regimes is abundant connected the world as a network of communication texture. China is among the emerging countries. It has been able to make its second economy in the world for two to three decades. The main question here is why China has created regimes in East Asia. Using this explanatory method, interest and maximizing interests are the main motivations for China to create regional regimes, and it is argued that China is seeking economic incentives to develop regimes in order to consolidate its position. In this regard, China have supported or formed ASEAN+3, China-ASEAN Free Trade Area, the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, and the Belt and Road Initiative. The proposed approach in this study is interest-based regimes and the compilation method of materials by library and documentary.

Keywords


  1. Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB). (2018). Quick Facts, Available at: https://www.aiib.org/en/index.html. (Accessed on: 17/12/2018).
  2. Angresano, James (2006). “ASEAN+3: Is an Economic Community in Their Future?” In: International Economic Integration and Asia, Michael G Plummer; Erik Jones, Singapore: World Scientific Publishing.
  3. Arase, David (2015). “China's Two Silk Roads: Implications for Southeast Asia” In: The 3rd ASEAN Reader. Ooi Kee Beng; Sanchita Basu Das; Terence Chong; Malcolm Cook; Cassey Lee & Michael Yeo Chai Ming, Singapore: ISEAS.
  4. ASEAN Secretariat. (2017). A Journey Towards Regional Economic Integration: 1967-2017. Jakarta: ASEAN Economic Community Department. supported by the European Union, 1-24.
  5. ASEAN Secretariat. (2018). ASEAN Stats Data Portal, Available at: https://data.aseanstats.org/. (Accessed on: 10/12/2018)
  6. Athwal, Amardeep. (2008). China-India Relations: Contemporary Dynamics. London and New York: Routledge.
  7. Basu Das, Sanchita. (2016). The ASEAN Economic Community and Beyond: Myths and Realities. Singapore: ISEAS.
  8. Hong Kong Trade Development Council (HKTDC). (2018). Country Profile, Available at: https://beltandroad.hktdc.com/en/country-profiles. (Accessed on: 18/12/2018).
  9. Bian, Fuling. Xie, Yichun. (2016). Geo-Informatics in Resource Management and Sustainable Ecosystem: Third International Conference, China. Berlin: Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
  10. Cai, Kevin G (2011). “China and Economic Regionalism in East Asia” In: The Ashgate Research Companion to Regionalisms, Timothy M Shaw; J. Andrew Grant & Scarlett Cornelissen, Farnham, UK: Ashgate Publishing.
  11. Casarini, Nicola. (2017). “Maritime Security and Freedom of Navigation from the South China Sea and Indian Ocean to the Mediterranean: Potential and Limits of EU-India Cooperation” In: Moving Forward EU-India Relations: The Significance of the Security Dialogues, Nicola Casarini; Stefania Benaglia, & Sameer Patil, Rome: Edizioni Nuova Cultura.
  12. Dent, Christopher M. (2017). East Asian Regionalism. London and New York: Routledge.
  13. Hamanaka, Shintaro (2008). “Comparing summitry, financial and trade regionalisms in East Asia: from the Japanese perspective” In: China, Japan and Regional Leadership in East Asia, Christopher M. Dent, Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishing.
  14. He, Kai (2008). “China’s Peaceful Rise and Multilateral Institutions: In Search of a Harmonious World” In: Harmonious World and China's New Foreign Policy, Guo, Sujian; Blanchard, Jean-Marc F, Lanham: Lexington Books, A division of Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
  15. Hirakawa, Hitoshi (2005). “East Asia and the development of regionalism” In: Beyond Market-Driven Development: Drawing on the Experience of Asia and Latin America, Costas Lapavitsas, London and New York: Routledge.
  16. Holden, Patrick. (2011). A Dictionary of International Trade Organizations and Agreements. London and New York: Routledge.
  17. Hong, Zhao (2015). China and ASEAN: Energy Security, Cooperation and Competition. Singapore: ISEAS.
  18. Hörhager, Elisa I (2016). “China-ASEAN Relations and the South China Sea: Beyond Balancing and Bandwagoning?” In: Power Politics in Asia’s Contested Waters: Territorial Disputes in the South China Sea, Enrico Fels; Truong-Minh Vu, Switzerland: Springer International Publishing AG.
  19. International Monetary Fund (IMF). (2018). IMF Data, Available at: data.imf.org/?sk=388DFA60-1D26-4ADE-B505-A05A558D9A42. (Accessed on: 06/02/2018)
  20. Ishido, Hikari. (2011). Liberalization of Trade in Services under ASEAN+n: A Mapping Exercise. ERIA Discussion Paper Series. Faculty of Law and Economics, Chiba University, 1-33.
  21. Kawai, Masahiro. Wignaraja, Geneshan. (2008). EFTA or CEPEA: Which Way Forward, ASEAN Economic Bulletin, Vol. 25, No. 2, 113-139.
  22. Keohane, Robert O )1989(. International Institutions and State Power. Boulder: Westview Press.
  23. Keohane, Robert O. )1984(. After Hegemony: Cooperation and Discord in the World Political Economy. Princeton: Princeton University Press
  24. Klecha-Tylec, Karolina. (2017). The Theoretical and Practical Dimensions of Regionalism in East Asia. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
  25. Krasner, Stephen D. (1983). International Regimes. Ithaca and New York: Cornell University Press.
  26. Krasner, Stephen D. (2009). Power, the State, and Sovereignty: Essays on International Relations. London and New York: Routledge.
  27. Lanteigne, Marc. (2016). Chinese Foreign Policy: An Introduction. London and New York: Routledge.
  28. Larçon, Jean-Paul; Barré, Geneviève (2017). “China Meets Europe by the Baltic Sea” In: New Silk Road: China Meets Europe in The Baltic Sea Region: A Business Perspective, Jean-Paul Larçon, Singapore: World Scientific Publishing.
  29. Lijun, Sheng (2003). “China-Asean Free Trade Area” In: The 2nd ASEAN Reader, Siddique Sharon; Kumar Sree, Singapore: ISEAS.
  30. Lim, Kheng Swe (2017). “China’s Economic Statecraft in Sino-Southeast Asian Relations and the Security-Economic Nexus” In: China's Economic Statecraft: Co-optation, Cooperation, and Coercion, Mingjiang Li, Singapore: World Scientific Publishing.
  31. Liu, Guoli. (2017). China Rising: Chinese Foreign Policy in a Changing World. London: Palgrave.
  32. Lucarelli, Sonia (2000). Europe and the Breakup of Yugoslavia: A Political Failure in Search of a Scholarly Explanation. Netherlands: Kluwer Law International publications.
  33. Miao, Lu. & Wang, Huiyao. (2017). International Migration of China: Status, Policy and Social Responses to the Globalization of Migration. Singapore: Springer Nature.
  34. Nehru, Vikram (2017). “Southeast Asia: Thriving in the Shadow of Giants” In: China, The United States, and the Future of Southeast Asia: U.S-China Relations, Volume 2, David B. H. Denoon, New York: New York University Press.
  35. Nemoto, Yoichi; Nakagawa, Satoshi (2014). “Regional Financial Cooperation in East Asia: Development and Challenges” In: ASEAN-Japan Relations, Takashi Shiraishi; Takaaki Kojima, Singapore: ISEAS.
  36. Pu, Xiaoyu (2017). “Interdependent Rivals: China’s Economic Statecraft towards Japan” In: China's Economic Statecraft: Co-optation, Cooperation, and Coercion, Mingjiang Li, Singapore: World Scientific Publishing.
  37. Ravenhill, John (2008). “Asia’s New Economic Institutions” In: Asia's New Institutional Architecture: Evolving Structures for Managing Trade, Financial, and Security Relations, Vinod K Aggarwal; Min Gyo Koo, Heidelberg, Berlin: Springer-Verlag.
  38. Severino, Rodolfo C; Thuzar, Moe (2016). “ASEAN Economic Cooperation and Its Political Realities” In: Moving the AEC Beyond 2015: Managing Domestic Consensus for Community-Building, Tham Siew Yean; Sanchita Basu Das, Singapore: ISEAS.
  39. Sutter, Robert G. (2005). China's Rise in Asia: Promises and Perils. Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield.
  40. Yang, Mu. Heng, Michael S. H. (2012). Global Financial Crisis and Challenges for China. Singapore: World Scientific Publishing.
  41. Yoshimatsu, Hidetaka. (2014). Comparing Institution-Building in East Asia: Power Politics, Governance, and Critical Junctures. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
  42. Zanghl, Bernhard (2014). “Regime Theory” In: Theories of International Relations, Schieder, Siegfried; Spindler, Manuela, London and New York: Routledge.
  43. Zhang, Jie. (2015). China's Belt and Road Initiatives and Its Neighboring Diplomacy. Singapore: World Scientific Publishing.
  44. Zhao, Hong (2017). “One Belt One Road and China–Southeast Asia Relations” In: Southeast Asia and China: A Contest in Mutual Socialization, Lowell Dittmer; Chow Bing Ngeow, Singapore: World Scientific Publishing.
  45. Zhu, Cuiping (2016). “The Construction Capability, Challenges and the Corresponding Countermeasures of the 21st-Century Maritime Silk Road” In: Annual Report on the Development of the Indian Ocean Region (2015): 21st Century Maritime Silk Road, Rong Wang; Cuiping Zhu, Singapore: Social Science Academic Press & Springer Science+Business Media.

 

Volume 50, Issue 1
April 2020
Pages 133-151
  • Receive Date: 15 January 2018
  • Revise Date: 02 June 2018
  • Accept Date: 02 June 2018
  • First Publish Date: 20 March 2020