Media (including books, newspapers & Journals/Magazines) is one of the most important elements in construction & institutionalization of modern identity. This paper will survey the role and importance of newspapers/journals in the national identity construct. For explaining the relations between these two variables, the following issues will be considered:
• The construction of modern national communities & sympathy in the framework of loyalty to a “Nation” has a direct relation with their general development (which will be explained in the paper).
• A general review/history of newspapers/journals and their different categorizations
• Definition of national identity and its elements
• How the development & expansion of newspapers/journals have positively affected on the modern society construct?
To provide a theoretical framework for this survey, the paper has benefited from the ideas & theories of John Thompson, Jorgen Hubermas, Benedict Anderson, Harold Lasswel and Paul Lazarsfel