Jalal- Al- Ahmad is one of the most important and influential modern Iranian intellectuals. By suggesting the political thought "return to self", he made nativism into the inseparable part of political discourse in Iran.
In this vein by using Spragens’s theoretical model, we will explain the formation of his political thought. Hermeneutics and especially Skinner's Hermeneutics, are among the most important approaches in understanding the political texts and political thought. According to this method, Considering the works " Gharbzadegi" and " Dar khedmat va khianate Roshanfekran" as a linguistic action in relation to the discourse context of his time, shows that "Return to Self" is a response to the problem of "identity crisis" of the 60s in Iran. According to the Spragens's model, the main problem which has been observed by Al-Ahmad and he has tried to solve it, is analyzed in this paper.