POLITICAL CULTURE IN SAUDI ARABIA, ANALYSIS OF STATICNESS AND ONCOMING CHALLENGES

Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

1 Associate Professor, Political Science Department, Universityof Shiraz

2 M.A Student in University of Allame Tabatabai

Abstract

Political culture is combination of beliefs, attitudes and awarenesses that shape
political behavior of a group or nation. In past, political culture of nations had been
institutionalized but today has been changed to participatory political culture by
reasons such as structural developments, information and communication revolution
and globalization. In this article, the authors by using the approach of political
economy try to answer this question, why has been static and continuance the
subjugate political culture in Saudi Arabia? And too, by using the political
sociological approach, explain the important reasons for the metamorphose in the
political culture of Saudi society specially educates and urban youth from subjugate
to participatory. The authors believe that such changes from 1990s onward
especially at two last days, has made serious challenges for Saudi government and in
the future, these challenges would oblige the government to the acceptation of more
reformation.

Keywords


Volume 44, Issue 2 - Serial Number 2
January 2014
Pages 351-370
  • Receive Date: 07 January 2014
  • Revise Date: 06 January 2015
  • Accept Date: 08 April 2014
  • First Publish Date: 23 August 2014