THE ANALYSIS OF CULTURAL, LINGUISTIC AND POLITICAL MOVEMENT OF CATALONIA (CATALANISM)

Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

1 Assistant Professor, Political Science Department, University of Tehran

2 Phd Student in European Studies, University of Tehran

Abstract

One of the most important issues in current Catalonia's politics is the catalanism
movement. Catalanism is a cultural, linguistic and then political movement that
advocates for the cultural and political recognition of catalonia within spain. The
present article aims to discover the establishing process of this movement. Research
findings show that Catalonia's movement, at the beginning, had a cultural and
linguistic nature. In nineteenth century, 3 critical junctures (a period of significant
change) including failure of the building of nation-state in Spain; economic
differences between the two territories (Catalonia and Spain) and Catalonia's
military occupation by Spain occurred and have formed the Catalonia's cultural and
linguistic movement. These 3 pre-conditions interacted with 3 other critical
junctures in twentieth century naming passing a new law to judge civil cases under
the military rule, putting an end to the second republic in Spain (1931-1939) by
Franco, and finally the transition from dictatorship to democracy, and laid the
foundations of political nationalism. In the second and third parts of this essay, to
better understand the Catalanism movement, catalonia's cultural and linguistic
structure and the European Union's position towards catalonia's independence will
be discussed.

Keywords


Volume 44, Issue 2 - Serial Number 2
January 2014
Pages 371-389
  • Receive Date: 07 January 2014
  • Revise Date: 06 January 2015
  • Accept Date: 02 March 2014
  • First Publish Date: 23 August 2014