Document Type : Research Paper
Associate Professor, University of Tehran, Iran
The initial discrepancy of "Neorealism" and "Neoliberal Institutionalism" reffers
to the matter of cooperation in international relations. This is because, the first
yieldes relative gains, while the latter accountes on absolute gains in cooperative
atmosphere. Also, Neoliberal Institutionalism, unlike Neorealism, believes that
with the help of international institutions, one can gain international cooperation.
The second step of this argument is structured around the competing views of
"energy independence" and "energy interdependence" regardes. Then we apply
this framework to Iranian oil and gas trade structure with current statistics to
support the validity of cooperation from energy interdependence point of view.