از گفته‌ها تا اعمال: پروندة حقوق بشر سازمان ملل متحد

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه روابط بین‌الملل دانشکدة حقوق و علوم سیاسی دانشگاه تهران

2 دکتری روابط بین‌الملل دانشکدة حقوق و علوم سیاسی دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

چکیده

در این مقاله، ضمن بررسی موارد بسیاری که مدیران، کارمندان و نیروهای سازمان ملل حقوق بشر را نقض کرده‌اند و اظهارات ضد ایرانی 11 مارس 2014 بان کی- مون که نمونه‌ای انکارناپذیر از نقض منشور ملل متحد و نیز اعلامیة جهانی حقوق بشر توسط دبیر کل سازمان ملل است، بحث و بررسی شده است. نتیجة بررسی‌های انجام‌گرفته در این مقاله نشان می‌دهد «دین» جدیدی که تلاش شده است تا به بهانة صیانت از حقوق انسان‌ها و در رقابت با ادیان آسمانی جعل شود، ارتباط انکارناپذیری با گسترش تروریسم در جهان هم در دوران جنگ سرد و هم در حال حاضر داشته است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


1. BBC (28 October, 2004): “Kofi Annan 'vetoed UN sex claim': A senior UN official was cleared of sexual harassment earlier this year because the secretary general rejected the verdict of an internal watchdog”, Available (1392/12/25) online at: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/3963639.stm

2. BBC (Thursday, 31 March, 2005, 10:42 GMT 11:42 UK): “UN boss faces harassment charge”, Available (1393/01/15) on line at: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/4396577.stm

3. Before It's News (June 16, 2014): “ISIS Crisis sets stage for World War III”, Available (1393/04/17) online at: http://beforeitsnews.com/alternative/2014/06/isis-crisis-sets-stage-for-world-war-iii-2975560.html

4. Black, Ian (Guardian, 7 November 2013): “Syria crisis: Saudi Arabia to spend millions to train new rebel force”, vailable (1392/12/25) online at: http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/nov/07/syria-crisis-saudi-arabia-spend-millions-new-rebel-force

5. Borger, Julian and Nick Hopkins (The Guardian, Friday 8 March 2013): “West training Syrian rebels in Jordan”, Available (1393/04/17) online at: http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/mar/08/west-training-syrian-rebels-jordan

6. Ismael, M. (Syrian Arab News Agency, Mar 22, 2014): “Syria hits out at Saudi regime's lack of action to stop instigation of terrorism”,Available (1393/01/03) on line at: http://sana.sy/eng/21/2014/03/22/534667.htm

7. Ki-Moon, Ban (United Nations, 7 August 2013): “Statement Attributable to the Spokesperson for the Secretary-General on the New Financial Contribution of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia for the United Nations Counter-Terrorism Centre” available (1392/12/25) online at: http://www.un.org/sg/statements/?nid=7005

8. Klein, Aaron (World Net Daily, 2014/06/17): “WND Exclusive: Blowback! U.S. trained Islamists who joined ISIS” Available (1393/04/17) online at: http://www.wnd.com/2014/06/officials-u-s-trained-isis-at-secret-base-in-jordan/

9. Nichols, Bill (USA TODAY, 2004/04/19): “Bush names U.N. ambassador as envoy to Iraq” Available (1393/03/25) online at: http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/news/washington/2004-04-19-iraq-ambassador_x.htm

10. Rampietti, Alessandro (Al Jazeera, 16 Nov 2010): “Haiti cholera protest turns violent: Protesters clash with UN peacekeepers in second-largest city of Cap Haitien over epidemic that has killed more than 900”, Available (1393/01/15) online at:http://www.aljazeera.com/news/americas/2010/11/20101115165524154228.html

11. Sandbox Tactics (June 13, 2014): “ISIS Paving the Way to WWIII” Available (1393/04/17) online at: http://sandboxtactics.com/international/isis-paving-way-wwiii/

12. Times Daily (May 13, 1984, p 17): "Ruling illustrates World Court's lack of real jurisdiction", Available (1393/03/25) online at:

http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1842&dat=19840513&id=e5UpAAAAIBAJ&sjid=tccEAAAAIBAJ&pg=1618,2977971

13. Farley, Maggie (Los Angeles Times, December 18, 2004): “Congo Sex Scandal Prompts Efforts for Reform in U.N.” Available (1392/12/25) online at: http://articles.latimes.com/2004/dec/18/world/fg-congo18

14. Gutman, Roy (Seattle Times, November 1, 1993): “U.N. Troops Used Serbs' Sex Slaves -- Witnesses See Peacekeepers At Brothel Near Serb Camp”, Available (1392/12/25) online at:

http://community.seattletimes.nwsource.com/archive/?date=19931101&slug=1729392

15. Jordan, Michael J. (Christian Science Monitor, November 26, 2004): “Sex charges haunt UN forces”, Available (1392/12/24) online at: http://www.csmonitor.com/2004/1126/p06s02-wogi.html

16. Leopold, Evelyn (Reuters, February 28, 2005): “UN Congo Envoy May Leave Amid Peacekeeper Scandal”, Available (1392/12/25) online at: http://today.reuters.com/News/CrisesArticle.aspx?storyId=N28507461

http://www.humanrightsvoices.org/site/articles/?a=384

http://www.humanrightsvoices.org/assets/attachments/articles/384_un_congo_envoy_may_leave_amid_peacekeeper_scandal.doc

17. Lamothe, Dan (Washington Post, June 23, 2014): “Washington shifts, accepts Iraqi promise of immunity for U.S. military advisers” Available (1393/01/03) on line at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/news/checkpoint/wp/2014/06/23/washington-shifts-accepts-iraqi-promise-of-immunity-for-u-s-military-advisers/

18. Lynch, Colum (Washington Post, Thursday, December 16, 2004; Page A26 ): “U.N. Sexual Abuse Alleged in Congo”, Available (1392/12/25) on line at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A3145-2004Dec15.html

19. Lynch, Colum (Washington Post, Wednesday, December 7, 2005; Page A21): “U.N. Cites Misconduct In Firing Elections Chief”, Available (1392/12/25) on line at:http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/12/06/AR2005120601515.html

20. Lynch, Colum (Washington Post, Monday, February 21, 2005; Page A20): “U.N. Official Quits in Harassment Case”, Available (1393/01/15) on line at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A39901-2005Feb20.html

21. United Nations, Dag Hammarskjöld Library (2014): “Security Council - Veto List (in reverse chronological order)” Available (1393/03/30) online at: http://www.un.org/depts/dhl/resguide/scact_veto_en.shtml

22. United Nations News Centre (6 December 2005): “UN electoral chief Carina Perelli dismissed for misconduct” Available (1393/01/15) on line at: http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=16832&Cr=elect&Cr1=

23. Weisbrot, Mark (Guardian, 3 September 2011): “Is this Minustah's 'Abu Ghraib moment' in Haiti?” Available (1392/12/24) online at: http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/cifamerica/2011/sep/03/minustah-un-haiti-abuse

24. Yan, Holly, Elise Labott (CNN, April 22, 2014) “U.N. chief to Syria: Please don't hold presidential elections”, Available (1393/03/30) online at: http://edition.cnn.com/2014/04/22/world/meast/syria-civil-war/