Document Type : Research Paper
Professor, Research Institute of Culture and Islamic Studies, Iran
One of the best examples of Islamic government is Religious Democracy, with a focus on key factors of Islam and public. Religious Democracy has several configurability capacities in the envelope of ideas perceived by Shia-Sunni. In post-Islamic revolution Iran, one of its forms has been realized and undoubtedly can inspire the Muslim Society in line with preparing the ground for the establishment of “Islamic Unified Nation”. If we consider the main elements of the realization of religious democracy in categories such as governance, people, the link between religion and politics, wisdom, leadership, law and justice, then we can identify the core elements of the Islamic government by recognition of Sunni scholars’ thoughts, and evaluate whether the political thought of Sunni thinkers is capable of formation of Islamic Government based on religious democracy model to become an exemplar. The question we are going to answer through this article is that: “is it possible to extract different models of religious democracy by focusing on the political thoughts of the Sunnis?” To answer this question, the assumption is that: “there is initial capacity to develop a model of religious democracy in the political thoughts of contemporary Sunni Mutazili scholars." This research is a qualitative research performed by descriptive-analytical method. This article analysis is in-text and based on the samples of Sunni contemporaries. The data collection method is the study of library resources.