سیاست خاورمیانه‌ای آمریکا و تروریسم در منطقۀ خاورمیانه پس از یازدهم سپتامبر (مطالعۀ موردی: عراق)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه علوم سیاسی دانشکدۀ حقوق و علوم سیاسی دانشگاه تهران

2 دانشجوی دکتری دانشکدۀ حقوق و علوم سیاسی دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

 سیاست قدرت‌های بزرگ تأثیر گسترده‌ای بر تروریسم در منطقۀ خاورمیانه داشته است. با توجه به این نکته، مقالۀ حاضر به بررسی تأثیرات سیاست خاورمیانه‌ای آمریکا بر تروریسم منطقه‌ای می‌پردازد. پرسش اصلی این مقاله این است که سیاست خاورمیانه‌ای ایالات متحدۀ آمریکا چه تأثیری بر تروریسم در این منطقه داشته است؟ در پاسخ به این پرسش فرضیۀ اصلی پژوهش این است که سیاست خاورمیانه‌ای آمریکا (متغیر مستقل) به‌واسطۀ اعمال نظامی‌گری غیرضروری (متغیر میانی مداخله‌گر)، بهانه‌ها و توجیهاتی جدید برای فعالیت گروه‌های تروریستی فراهم آورده و موجب تقویت آنها شده است (متغیر وابسته).

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