Document Type : Research Paper
Assistant Professor, Department of Law and Political Science, Islamic Azad University, South Tehran Branch
PhD in Political Science, Islamic Azad University, South Tehran Branch
Good or benefit is one the most important concepts whose continuation and expansion destroys the principle of fairness and entitlement in society. The concept of right is being addressed today in a variety of areas, including the relation of man to himself, God, nature and material, and relations to other human beings, comprising the relationships of individuals, individuals with governments, and governments with governments. The authors have attempted to compare and analyze the main pillars of political philosophy of Rawls and Farabi, and ultimately evaluate their different views on good and right. In Farabi's philosophy, virtue and happiness are two fundamental goals, and therefore being is the essence of the world as well as a kind of the root and source of good. Farabi believes that the provision of superiority and perfection depends on Medina. The opposite of Farabi is Rawls, who has substituted righteousness to avoid undermining fairness. According to Rawls, right is a concept that has the capacity to organize the society reasonably and equitably. His criterion in this process is the preference of right over good. In short, those cases and quantities of the citizens’ expectations are selected that conform to the standards of the concept of right.