عنوان مقاله [English]
This problem that the world of islam infront of European dynamic modernism is a static unit,has been the base of different hypothesis of the relation of islam and modernity. This issues are repeated that the Islamic world be on principle excluded from the history of modern times, because it is bound to a religion which has not traversed the European politico-ideologicalprocess,thus it is a pre-modern culture. Recently,they are repeated again and again, although no one has actually taken the trouble to find out if there is any reality in them from a historiographical point of view. In fact, there indications that Islamic history did,as early as the 16th century and on the strength of an independent tradition ,participate in elaborating a modern culture, which in many aspects shows distinct parallels with European culturalhistory.