عنوان مقاله [English]
In December 1953, the US President, General Dwight D. Eisenhower delivered his “Atoms for Peace” speech at the United Nations' General Assembly, which called for the promotion of peaceful uses of nuclear energy under special international agency. This proposal became the starting point for creating the IAEA in 1957 and adopting NPT in 1968. The Atoms for Peace initiative established the principles that all nations must work to stem nuclear proliferation and that all responsible nations should enjoy the peaceful benefits of nuclear power and technology under sound non-proliferation conditions.
The purpose of this article is to analyze the degree of success of the international community in materialization of three main objectives of the Atoms for Peace proposal, ie., the peaceful application of nuclear technology, the realization of non-proliferation and nuclear disarmament.