نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
استادیار گروه علوم سیاسی دانشکدة ادبیات و علوم انسانی دانشگاه لرستان
عنوان مقاله [English]
Ikhwan-al-safa and khollan-al-wafa are Islamic philosophers with scientific,
religious and goals and viewpoints. Their epistemology is based on Greek
philosophy and Islamic principles. According to their opinions, religion was facing
corruption and despotism. So, the only way to reform was the Greek philosophy. In
political aspect, considering decline, corruption and decentralization in Abbasid’s
state or the Islamic empire disintegration, they were against them and tried to make
an integrative system according to political values of Islam. So, the study of Ikhwanal-
safa regarding the other movements and revolutionary groups, is more important.
These unknown persons, except five, were writing and publishing some treatises
about different subjects such as philosophy, ethics, politics and social knowledge in
secret. These treatises are the first encyclopedia in the history of Islamic civilization.