عنوان مقاله [English]
After the collapse of the Soviet Union and its impressive economic downturn in the region of Central Asia in the 1990s, in the first decade of 2000, the region experienced rapid economic growth and internal and external integration. Integration in Central Asia, the connection between Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Afghanistan and the rapid growth in economic relations with some great neighbors, especially China and Russia. This process of integration of Central Asia is part of a larger process of integration of the Eurasian Economic Space. In this sense, economic integration in Central Asia is a reality. But serious gaps exists in this process, including practical procedures, limited number of countries in the region, intra-regional trade, especially by Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan, closure of borders, lack of cooperation in the fields of energy and water, weak governments and regional organizations.
But three most recent evolution of the process of regional cooperation in Central Asia suggests: 1: China's apparent intention to use the Shanghai Cooperation Organization and CAREC program as an effective tool to support regional economic cooperation; 2: the Eurasian Economic Community, led by Russia and its progress in the creation of a customs union; 3: Europe and the United States to support the efforts of the Central Asia Regional Integration Special Program for the Economies of Central Asia through both centralized and regional initiatives in Afghanistan. In this paper, the economic and social indicators of Central Asian republics from 2005 to 2015 are examined that at the same time new working processes that control the growth of this index in the Republic have also that herald a promising future for the region.