نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 استادیار گروه علوم سیاسی دانشکدة حقوق و علوم سیاسی دانشگاه تهران
2 دانشآموختة گرایش اندیشة سیاسی، پژوهشگاه علوم انسانی و مطالعات فرهنگی
عنوان مقاله [English]
Imam Khomeini emphasized the role and the position of the people in the Islamic state in the historical stages before and after the 1979 Islamic Revolution in Iran. However, he did not systematically explain his philosophy of republic based on his religious thinking, and subsequently different people with different theoretical approaches have presented different interpretations of republicanism and its theoretical foundations in his political thought. The main research question here is, what is the basis of Imam Khomeini's thinking about republicanism based on its epistemic foundations? The tentative answer is that republicanism in the political thought of Imam Khomeini stems from the anthropological and ontological point of view in his epistemic system based on mysticism. The present paper uses an analytical and interpretive approach to explain the principles of republicanism in the political thought of Imam Khomeini. Notably, republicanism in the thought of the Imam is based on the principles such as human freedom and serving the people in the mystical thought of the Imam. In the mystical thought of Imam, the establishment of the government is aimed at serving the people. Obviously, serving the people will include satisfaction and popular will. Furthermore, in the epistemic system of Imam Khomeini, human rights and religious rights are not considered to be separate. Therefore, it is concluded that republicanism in political thought of the Imam is considered to be both part of human rights as well as Islamic and religious law.