عنوان مقاله [English]
Japan, as the most influential country in East Asia, has played an active role in shaping the region's structure over the past three decades. In pursuit of its goals and safeguarding its interests, Japan has encountered a number of obstacles such as the rise of China. Because of its strategic significance and economic weight, it has consistently been striving to consolidate its role as a regional leader. Since the establishment of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) in 1966, Japan has tried to play a leading role in the Asian region within the framework of the Bank. In the late 1990s, and particularly in the aftermath of the 1997 financial crisis in East Asia, regime-building in this region intensified. The authors’ main question is: Why has Japan created or supported regimes in the East Asian region and beyond? In the research hypothesis, regime-building is the independent variable, the consolidation of regional economic status is dependent variable and balancing is the control variable. It is argued that since the 1997 crisis, Japan has pursued the goal of promoting its economic status and controlling the growing power of China. As a result, it has initiated or supported the proposals to establish an Asian Monetary Fund, to form ASEAN+6 or the East Asia Summit, the Comprehensive Economic Partnership for East Asia, Trans-Pacific Partnership, and has indicated its commitment to provide $110 billion in 2015 and to increase it to $200 billion in 2017.
10. Chirathivat, Suthiphand (2006). “ASEAN’s Role and Interests in the Formation of East Asian Economic Regionalism” In: Integration in Asia and Europe: Historical Dynamics, Political Issues, and Economic Perspectives, Paul J. J. Welfens; Franz Knipping; Suthiphand Chirathivat & Cillian Ryan, Berlin, Germany: Springer.
12. Grimes, William W (2009). “Japan, the Global Financial Crisis, and the Stability of East Asia” In: Strategic Asia 2009–10: Economic Meltdown and Geopolitical Stability. Ashley J Tellis; Mercy Kuo & Andrew Marble, Washington D.C: The National Bureau of Asian Research.
13. Haggard, Stephan. Simmons, Beth A. (1987). Theories of international regimes, International Organization, Vol. 41, No. 3, pp. 491-517.
14. Hamanaka, Shintaro (2008). “Comparing summitry, financial and trade regionalisms in East Asia: from the Japanese perspective” In: China, Japan and Regional Leadership in East Asia, Christopher M. Dent, Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishing.
15. Hamilton-Hart, Natasha (2004). “Cooperation on money and finance: how important? How likely?” In: Asian Regional Governance: Crisis and Change, Kanishka Jayasuriya, London and New York: Routledge Curzon.
19. Hirakawa, Hitoshi (2005). “East Asia and the development of regionalism” In: Beyond Market-Driven Development: Drawing on the Experience of Asia and Latin America, Costas Lapavitsas, London and New York: Routledge.
20. Hiratsuka, Daisuke (2011). “Institutions and Policy Coordination for Further Integration” In: The Economics of East Asian Integration: A Comprehensive Introduction to Regional Issues, Masahisa Fujita; Ikuo Kuroiwa & Satoru Kumagai, Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishing.
22. Krasner, Stephen D. (1983). International Regimes, Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press.
23. Kuroda, Haruhiko & Kawai, Masahiro (2004). “Strengthening regional financial cooperation in East Asia” In: Financial Governance in East Asia: Policy Dialogue, Surveillance and Cooperation, Gordon De Brouwer; Yunjong Wang, London and New York: Routledge Curzon.
25. Lewis, Meredith Kolsky (2012). “Achieving a Free Trade Area of the Asia-Pacific: does the TPP present the most attractive path?” In: The Trans-Pacific Partnership: A Quest for a Twenty-First-Century Trade Agreement, C. L. Lim; Deborah Kay Elms & Patrick Low, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
26. Liang, Wei (2011). “China’s FTA Negotioations and Its Regional Implication for Asia” In: China's Quiet Rise: Peace Through Integration, Baogang Guo; Chung-Chian Teng, Lanham: Lexington Books.
30. MOFAJ (1999). Japan's Official Development Assistance in 1998, Available at: http://www.mofa.go.jp/policy/oda/summary/1999/d_g2_01.html#c_2_2
33. Nishida, Naoki (2017). Japan Infrastructure Initiative Company Limited (JII): Message from CEO, Available at: http://www.japaninfra.com/en/
34. Oba, Mie (2008). “Regional Arrangements for Trade in Northeast Asia: Cooperation and Competition between China and Japan” In: Asia's New Institutional Architecture: Evolving Structures for Managing Trade, Financial, and Security Relations. Vinod K Aggarwal; Min Gyo Koo, Heidelberg, Berlin: Springer-Verlag.
39. Ravenhill, John (2008). “Asia’s New Economic Institutions” In: Asia's New Institutional Architecture: Evolving Structures for Managing Trade, Financial, and Security Relations, Vinod K Aggarwal; Min Gyo Koo, Heidelberg, Berlin: Springer-Verlag.
40. Renwick, Neil (2008). “Contesting East Asian security leadership: China and the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation” In: China, Japan and Regional Leadership in East Asia, Christopher M. Dent, Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishing.
41. Roberts, Christopher B (2013). “The Future of Regionalism in East and South-East Asia” In: East and South-East Asia: International Relations and Security Perspectives, Andrew T. H. Tan, London and New York: Routledge.
42. Saaler, Sven; Szpilman, Christopher W. A (2011). Pan-Asianism: A Documentary History, 1920–Present. Lanham, Maryland: Rowan and Littlefield Publishers.
43. Sato, Hitoshi (2014). “How can ASEAN and Japan mutually benefit from ASEAN economic integration”, ILO Asia-Pacific, Working Paper Series, 1-24.
46. Urata, Shujiro (2014). “Constructing and multilateralizing the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership: An Asian perspective” In: A World Trade Organization for the 21st Century: The Asian Perspective, Richard Baldwin, Masahiro Kawai; Ganeshan Wignaraja, Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishing.
50. Young, Oran R. (1986). International Regimes: Toward a New Theory of Institutions. World Politics, Vol. 39 No. 1, pp. 104-122.
52. Yuan, Wen Jin & Murphy, Melissa (2010). “Regional Monetary Cooperation in East Asia: Should the United States Be Concerned”, Center for Strategic & International Studies (CSIS), 1-13.