رژیم‌سازی ژاپن در شرق آسیا

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار مطالعات منطقه‌ای دانشکده حقوق و علوم سیاسی دانشگاه تهران

2 دانشجوی دکتری مطالعات منطقه ‌ای دانشکده حقوق و علوم سیاسی دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

ژاپنبه‌عنوانتأثیرگذارترینکشورآسیایشرقی،درسهدهۀاخیرنقشفعالیدرشکل‌دهیبهساختارمنطقهداشتهاست. اگرچهدرپیشبرداهدافودستیابیبهمنافعحداکثریخود،باموانعیمانندظهورفزایندۀچینروبه‌روشد،به‌دلیلاهمیتووزنۀاقتصادی‌ایکهدارد،پیوستهدرتلاشبودهاستتانقشخودبهعنوانرهبرمنطقه‌ایراتثبیتکند. ازاقداماتژاپنمی‌توانبهتأسیسبانکتوسعۀآسیاییدرسال 1966 اشارهکردکهژاپندرچارچوببانک،نقشرهبرمنطقۀآسیارابازیمی‌کرد. دراواخردهۀ 1990 ودر پیبحرانمالی 1997 شرقآسیا،رژیم‌سازیدرآسیایشرقیشدتگرفت. سؤالاصلیایناستکهچراژاپنرژیم‌هاییرادرمنطقۀشرقآسیاوفراترازآنایجادکردهاستیاازایجادآنهاحمایتمی‌کند؟متغیرهایمقالهبدین‌شکلاستکهرژیم‌سازیبهعنوانمتغیرمستقلوتثبیتوارتقایجایگاهاقتصادیوهمچنینموازنه‌سازیبهعنوانمتغیرهایوابستهدرنظرگرفتهمی‌شوند. باعنایتبهاستفادهازروشتبیینیوبابهره‌گیریازنظریاترژیموموازنه‌سازی،درپاسخبهپرسشاصلیاستدلالمی‌شودژاپنبعدازبحران 1997 برایتثبیتوارتقایجایگاهاقتصادیومهارقدرتفزایندۀچین،راهبردخودرادرقالبپیشنهادتأسیسصندوقپولآسیایی،پیشنهاد داد وحمایتشدیدازآسه‌آنبه‌علاوۀششیاسرانآسیایشرقی،حمایتازطرحمشارکتاقتصادیجامعشرقآسیا،حمایتازموافقتنامۀمشارکتفراپاسیفیکوهمچنینتعهدبهتأمینسرمایه‌ایبهارزش 110 میلیارددلاردرسال2015 وافزایشآنبه 200 میلیارددلاردرسال 2017 را پیشبرد. روشگردآوریمنابعنیزاسنادیاست.

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