عنوان مقاله [English]
Among the main topics in political geography, one can see the discussion of formation and accumulation of ethnic groups in geographical areas, and the method of ethnic and racial groups’ interactions. The authors seek to analyze the role of ethnic groups in the formation of the political structure and governance of Afghanistan since 2001 by using a descriptive-analytical approach. They study the political and administrative structure of the post-Taliban government. The findings show that the ethnocentric structure of power in the past, backed by the ideology of ethnic nationalism, fostered tribalism among the non-ruling ethnic groups. This in turn has made ethnicism a natural and widespread phenomenon in all walks of life and has caused a crisis of national identity in Afghanistan. Long-term ethnic domination has led to a society in which ethnic norms and interests determine the political behaviors of individuals and socio-political groups. In this situation, the basic goal of behaviors and actions is ethnicity and the provision of ethnic interests, and political ideologies are accepted and supported to the extent that they serve this purpose. Consequently, today the rise of ethnicism is at a high level in the country.