نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشیار گروه علوم سیاسی دانشکدة حقوق و علوم سیاسی دانشگاه تهران
2 استادیار گروه علوم سیاسی دانشگاه پیام نور استان تهران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Asking about the relation of religion and modernity has been always reflected by scholars, and answering it has formed different approaches, especially from the last parts of Qajar monarchy. The intellectual approach follows originality of modernity and complete transition from tradition. In contrast, The traditional approach believes in following the tradition of predecessors and independence of religion from the modern world. There is another approach among the clergy of seminary which is called “The new thought of Seminary”, meanwhile, accreditation to traditional principles of the seminary, emphasizes on the reconstruction of this tradition of thought in the light of concepts, questions and new requirements, social and religious criticism,combination of tradition and modernity, The social role of religion and political position of seminary scholars in the the modern world. This article examined the political - religious thought of new thought clergy by intentional hermeneutic method, particularly the case study of Ayatollah Morteza Motahari, that affected by political changes in contemporary history of iran. Based on the achievements of research, new thought in Ijtihad, clergy leadership, divine philosophy, religious revivalism and the Religious Democracy are most important indicators of the current of new thought of Seminary.