نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشیار گروه علوم سیاسی و مطالعات منطقهای دانشگاه شیراز
2 دانش آموختۀ کارشناسی ارشد مطالعات منطقهای دانشگاه شیراز
عنوان مقاله [English]
Occurance of social movements in Egypt and other countries in the Middle East and North Africa, and their demonstrative impacts lead to attentions of analysts. In this article by different approach, the authors try to explain the chractristics and the nature of late social movement in Egypt and breakdown of Mubarak government in the framework of late theories of social movement and John Fouran theory. In the two theoric approaches, the important charactristics of this social movement consist of: serious dependency and using of internet and social networks, spontaneous mobilization of youth and urban masses, be ubiquitness and integration of intellectuals and social bodies or masses. Dependent development and its negative cultural, social and political impacts and exceptional capacitities of internet and social networks such as Facebook and Twiter lead to spontaneous mobilization of youth and discontent urban masses and late attendance and surprising of leaders to ubiquitness and spontanousness in this social movement.