نظریۀ پیچیدگی و آشوب: چرخشی نوین در تبیین تکامل شبکه‌های منطقه‌ای

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

دانشیار گروه روابط بین‌الملل دانشکدۀ حقوق و علوم سیاسی دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

چکیده
شکل‌گیری و تکامل سیستم‌های بین‌المللی و منطقه‌ای، از پرسمان‌های مورد کشمکش در ادبیات روابط بین‌الملل است. در این پهنه، نظریه‌های گوناگونی به این پرسمان پرداخته‌اند؛ ولی بی‌توجهی به مدل تکامل در وضعیت پیچیدگی و آشوبی و انگاشتی خطی از شکل‌گیری شبکه‌های منطقه‌ای، آنها را از تبیین واقعیت‌های نوین دور کرده است. نظریۀ پیچیدگی و آشوب، چرخشی نوین را در پرسمان شکل‌گیری و تکامل شبکه‌های منطقه‌ای سبب شده است. به همین علت پرسش بنیادی مقاله بر محوریت این پرسمان شکل می‌گیرد که مدل نظری شکل‌گیری و تکامل شبکه‌های منطقه‌ای بر پایۀ قواعد پیچیدگی، از چه عناصری شکل ‌گرفته است. نویسنده بر این باور است که نیروهای بنیادین و فشارها، واحدها را وارد سیستم‌هایی با ویژگی چندپیکری کرده و پس‌ از آن دینامیک تکامل و ویژگی‌های نوظهور سیستم در حال تکامل ره‌آورد نوآوری‌های ارتباطی است؛ پرسمانی که سبب شکل‌گیری سازه‌ها و الگوهای نظم نوظهور منطقه‌ای می‌شود. سیستم چندپیکری، فشارهای داخلی و سیستمی، خوشه‌ای شدن نظم، ترکیب خوشه‌ها در قالب سیستم چندپیکری، هم‌افزایی و سیکلی بودن فرایند حیات سیستم و سیالیت در شکل‌بندی، از قواعد بنیادی تکامل و شکل‌گیری سازه‌ها و الگوهای نظم منطقه‌ای نوظهورند. این مقاله مدل نظری را برای ملاحظۀ تکامل در حوزۀ نظم‌های منطقه‌ای بر پایۀ نظریۀ پیچیدگی پیشنهاد می‌کند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


الف) فارسی

1. قاسمی، فرهاد (1390)، نظریه‌های روابط بین‌الملل و مطالعات منطقه‌ای، تهران: میزان.

 

ب) خارجی

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